Effective silhouette sculpting thanks to exercises in the gym has become the goal of many people who are just beginning their adventure with this type of sport. The beginnings are often difficult. In order not to get discouraged, it is worth reaching for a training plan at home. How to make it effective? Where to start?
What are the characteristics of home training?
First of all it requires sufficiently large self-denial – in this case the presence of other exercising people in the gym will not have a stimulating effect on us. You have to achieve everything on your own and make the right regularity. Formally, it is mainly a form of strength training for people who are new to it, although it is worth taking care of the variety of classes. They use those exercises that are possible without the use of highly specialized equipment, which is found in the gym
How to arrange a training plan?
First of all, it is not a matter of arranging a specialized and rigorous program of exercises that would be appropriate for professional sports training of professionals. Hence the conviction that with a slightly looser approach as to its duration and intensity, you can do it yourself.
Timing – the basic issue in home training
Setting up a workout plan must start with an honest determination of how much time you can devote to performing exercises. First of all, you need to think about the possible number of workouts during one week and their duration. You also establish what days you can exercise on. The advice in this case is that it is better to outline a less ambitious plan for yourself and follow it, rather than often neglecting a demanding set of exercises. A sincere approach is most important – after all, it is at home that we exercise primarily for ourselves
Basic rules of creating a plan
It is assumed that beginners should exercise at least twice a week. The load is increased gradually. However, workouts should not be more frequent than five times per week. However, this is an option for people with particularly high training requirements. On average, training as often as three times a week is enough to meet your expectations. Days off are also important – they are time for the body to regenerate. However, it is not worth taking more than two days off between days of exercise. The time of exercise during 24 hours does not have to be clearly specified – we exercise when we have time for it
How to distribute accents in the training plan at home?
Workouts should be differentiated as to their intensity. We also choose different types of effort. Assuming that we exercise three times a week, we should choose one strengthening workout, one long workout of average intensity and one short workout of higher intensity. After the last one it is advisable to recuperate for at least one day or do significantly lighter classes. The highest training intensity should be achieved in the middle of the week.
Diversity of training
We should take care not to do repetitive exercises and to vary the effort. It is often possible to combine different types of training, but remember that they should not be only heavy exercises with high intensity. A training plan should be laid out with at least 5 to 8 weeks in mind
Examples of exercises that are useful in a home workout plan
When exercising at home, you can use different types of exercises that do not require you to have complicated equipment. It’s a good idea to tailor the number of exercises to your own abilities and increase them gradually – it can be useful to consult a trainer or someone who exercises regularly. Here are examples of exercises that you should consider:
- pull-ups on a table – you exercise your arms, shoulders and chest – series of 8 repetitions,
- classic push-ups – 10 repetitions,
- squats with your hands behind your head – 20 repetitions,
- jumping jacks – a series of 30 seconds,
- sit-ups – 20 repetitions,
- squats – 15 repetitions,
- narrow triceps push-ups – 8 reps,
- single leg deadlift – 10 repetitions (each leg),
- boxing run – 30 seconds.
Photo by Gordon Cowie/Unsplash
6 sports ideal for everyone
It is known, it is impossible to get along with everyone. This also applies to sports. And yet there are activities that are beneficial and fun for everyone (well, almost). Learn about these types of sports and try them out for yourself!
There are many types of sports and each has its pros and cons. The ideal sport should improve our well-being and health. It should also give pleasure, not be an unpleasant chore. Here is a list of 6 sports activities that seem to meet the above requirements.
The popularity of Nordic walking should come as no surprise. The sport combines aerobic training, which increases oxygen saturation levels in all vital muscles and organs, leg and arm strength training, and cardio training, which strengthens the heart muscle. Pushing off with sticks reduces stress on the spine and joints, so doctors recommend this type of sport to people who have problems with the musculoskeletal system, nervous system and respiratory system, as well as the elderly and those for whom excessive physical exertion is contraindicated.
Yoga classes increase body flexibility and correct posture. Regular practice of yoga provides everyone with many benefits: it increases energy levels, balance, muscle strength and endurance, improves concentration and accelerates recovery. In fact, the list of benefits of regular yoga practice is much longer. Clinical studies have shown that yoga strengthens the immune system, restores hormonal balance and is an excellent tool in the fight against stress. What more do you need to convince you to practice it?
Roller skating engages 90% of the body’s muscles to work, which brings unheard-of health benefits. Roller skating actively works the lower part of the body: calves, thigh muscles and hips. In practice, such muscle work will increase your fitness and slenderize your body, sculpt your legs and buttocks. Roller skating comprehensively develops our health, puts us in a good mood, strengthens the musculoskeletal apparatus and the cardiovascular system. By rollerblading, you intensively oxygenate your body and burn calories, which, with a sedentary lifestyle, will be good for everyone!
A scooter strengthens the muscles of your legs (especially if you don’t forget to change them), back, shoulders and spine. It’s also a great way to cover smaller and medium distances, avoid traffic jams and thus stress. The scooter doesn’t need a lot of storage space, let alone parking, and is fashionable, stylish and affordable. Finally, the scooter will instill in you the spirit of carefree and adventurous, which seems to have passed away irretrievably and remains in childhood.
Swimming has long been recognized as an ideal type of sport: it provides the same benefits as aerobic training, while not stressing the joints. Swimming develops all the muscles of the body and increases bone mass. Regular water activities keep the body flexible and even reduce inflammation in the body. What else. Swimming is an excellent way to burn calories and increase lung capacity. It’s also a reliable way to reduce tension and fight depression.
Tai-chi is a traditional Chinese martial art that consists of fluid movements that resemble a slow dance. In addition to movement, an important part of the practice is breath control and concentration on body alignment and state of mind. All together, the class becomes something akin to meditation in motion. The workout is devoid of sudden, jerky movements and positions that put stress on the joints, which is why it is often recommended for the elderly, as well as for patients after injuries and in recovery.
main photo: unsplash.com/Joppe Spaa
Tennis – how to choose the right racket?
How to choose a tennis racket? The number of parameters which characterize rackets can make your head spin. In this article you will learn 3 key parameters of tennis rackets.
Are you starting your adventure with tennis and want to buy your first racket? Bear in mind that it must be properly selected for your level of advancement and style of play. In this article, you will learn how to choose a tennis racket correctly.
A tennis racket is a purchase which will last at least several years-sometimes several, so it is important to think carefully about the purchase and to match the racket to your level and style of play. When choosing a racket, you should know how to read its parameters. We will focus on this in the first part of this article.
The surface area and shape of the head
The surface area, or nothing more than the size of the racket head, and the shape of the racket head are very important when choosing a racket. The larger the racket head, the stronger the impact will be and therefore the player will have to put in less effort to get the ball through. In addition, a large head has a large part of its surface area in the center of the ball, the sweet spot, which is the best place to hit the ball.
With smaller heads, the impact force is lower and therefore the player will have to exert more force when hitting the ball. However, a small racquet head comes with the advantage that it provides more maneuverability and thus control over the ball. It also allows for more precision at impact.
What size head should I choose?
For beginners, slightly larger heads with an area of at least 660 cm² / 102 in² are recommended.
For intermediate players, on the other hand, racquets with head sizes between 645 and 690 cm² / 100 – 107 in² will work well.
At the intermediate level, the choice of head size is often more personal, as there are no set rules. The most common head sizes for advanced players are from 645 cm² / 100 in² and smaller.
The length of the racquet
The second important parameter is the length of the racquet, which is measured from the base of the handle to the end of the head. The most common racquets on the market for adult players have a standard length of 68.58 cm / 27 inches.
As the length of the racquet increases, the range of impact increases as well as the power of the impact is enhanced. This allows for better service and ball rotation. However, the longer the racquet, the more difficult it is to control the ball.
Racquets which are shorter than the standard length are usually designed for juniors. On the other hand, when choosing a racket for a child, his/her individual physical conditions will be important. Depending on the height and weight of the child, a different length of racket will be appropriate and this may not always be in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
The weight of a tennis racket
A very important parameter when selecting a tennis racket is its weight. The higher it is, the more stable the frame is. On the other hand, with the weight of a racket, the difficulty of launching a swing increases, which is why the optimum choice is a racket which will not be too heavy for a given player and which will allow free handling of the frame.
We can usually find the following recommendations for weight:
- beginners – lighter racquets, making it easier to lead the swing,
- intermediate players – the recommended weight is 280-300 g,
- advanced players – usually rackets exceeding 300 g, sometimes with the possibility of weighting the racket through lead strips attached to the frame.
These are three basic parameters you should pay attention to when choosing a tennis racket. Other factors should be consulted with a specialist.
main photo: unsplash.com/Chino Rocha
When is the best time to exercise? Find out what is the best time to work out
Is there an optimal time to train? Are we able to maximize our athletic performance by exercising in the morning or evening? Find out what the science says!
Some people get up early in the morning, often at inhuman hours, to start their day actively, while others treat training as the icing on the cake and the perfect end to the day
These two camps are rarely able to understand each other, which is why the question of what time is best for activity arises.
In the morning or in the evening? Is there an optimal workout time?
With our busy schedules, it’s hard to find time to exercise, so it’s worth noting at the outset that any physical activity, regardless of the time, undoubtedly has a beneficial effect on our bodies.
Between juggling a career, social life and additional obligations we sometimes find it difficult to squeeze in a workout, even if we know that it is necessary for our health and well-being. When time is scarce and we have set specific fitness goals, it would be good to know if there is any optimal time of the day that would contribute to achieving them as soon as possible. So let’s try to get to that.
Morning vs. evening
Both morning and evening exercise have both health benefits and potential pitfalls, but for most people, the right time to exercise doesn’t depend on how many calories we burn in cardio or how much we lift in strength training – it’s mostly about how we feel when we exercise and how exercise fits into our daily schedule.
Logistically, the benefits of a morning workout are many. First, by the time we actually start a new day, we are already done. This means that we go into new challenges with endorphins and a good feeling, knowing that by 9am we have achieved something that some people don’t achieve all day.
What’s more, we get the workout out of the way and don’t have to worry about it in the evening. This realization alone is a huge relief, giving us time and space to cook dinner, socialize with friends or relax.
Research also supports the idea of morning exercise. A study published in Medicine and Science in Sports suggested that people who were active in the early hours were less likely to be distracted by unhealthy foods and maintained healthier habits throughout the day than those who did not exercise in the morning
Additional benefits of going to the gym in the morning include increased metabolism, which means calories are burned throughout the day, when we eat them, rather than at night when we sleep.
While it certainly seems that the morning is the ideal time to exercise, fitting in a workout in the afternoon or evening has its proven benefits.
Planning an evening workout can mean we don’t have to get out of bed early in the morning, but there’s more! One Trusted Source study found that the body’s capacity for peak performance is between 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. During this time, body temperature rises, optimizing muscle function and strength, enzyme activity and endurance for performance.
So, which hour is best? While the science and research seem contradictory, one thing is clear: exercise is important, no matter what time of day it is. What really matters is finding the right time of day that fits our individual schedule and that we can make part of our routine. By maintaining a consistent workout regime at the same time each day, you can achieve the greatest workout gains.
Main photo: Chander R/unsplash.com
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